While people continue to flee discussions on mental health, suicide has become the leading cause of death for 15- to 29-year-olds. Depression can be very common among the elderly people. About 264 million people worldwide suffer from depression, making it one of the most prevalent illnesses.
Depression is misunderstood as usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Most of these understandings arise from the inaccurate portrayal by media. The makers of the show 13 Reasons Why faced massive backlash on internet for their representation from the suicide prevention advocacy group which claimed the series would do more harm than help.
Types of Depression:
1. Clinical Depression
Also known as major depression, is a mental health disorder characterized by a persistent depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, leading to a significant impairment in daily life.
2. Persistent Depressive Disorder
Also known as dysthymia, this is a mild but long-lasting form of depression.
Symptoms include loss of interest in normal activities, despair, low self-esteem, lack of appetite, lack of energy, sleep problems, and lack of concentration.
3. Bipolar Disorder
A disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known, but a combination of genetics, modified brain structure and environment and chemistry can play a role.
4. Bipolar II Disorder
A less severe type of bipolar disorder characterized by depressive and hypomanic episodes.
Depressive symptoms include sadness or hopelessness. Hypomanic symptoms include a persistently elevated or irritable mood.
5. Postnatal Depression
Depression that occurs after childbirth.Those who develop postpartum depression are at greater risk of developing major depression later on in life.
Symptoms might include insomnia, loss of appetite, intense irritability and difficulty bonding with the baby.
Major Causes Of Depression:
- Abuse: Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Abuse in early life.
- Death or loss of someone close
- Substance Misuse
- Gender Inequality
Cures Of Depression:
Usually the treatment includes talk therapy and medications or the combination of both.
- Therapies; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Behavior Therapy, Psychotherapy.
- Medications; SSRIs, Antidepressant, Anxiolytic.
- Medical Procedure: Electroconvulsive Therapy.
Credits: Apollo Hospitals